“What do you think of the verses in Enoch 32:1-4 that seem to indicate that Enoch literally went to the extreme edge of the world (where the heavens stop) and saw the gates where the stars are allowed to come out? That seems to be the kind of disconfirmation you were looking for. Or no?”
Well, that’s an interesting test-case. I’ve already quoted two scholars who say the Enuma Elish was motivated by power politics. The same thing can be said for Enoch. It represents the “church politics” of the day.
As scholars like Roger Beckwith (Calendar and Chronology, Jewish and Christian) and David Jackson (Enochic Judaism: Three Defining Paradigm Exemplars) have documented, Enochian literature is pious fiction intended to backdate and thereby legitimate the Essene calendar-–over against rival religious calendars in mainstream Judaism.
So this is polemical literature designed to usurp the status quo. Although the authors of this propaganda might well be banking on a gullible audience to treat their “instant” cosmography as a realistic version of events, the authors themselves were consciously contriving a fictitious backstory to justify their sectarian calendar after the fact.
That’s another reason why I don’t assume that ANE/Hellenistic cosmogonies and/or cosmographies were ever meant to be realistic. Rather, this type of literature is written as the need arises to further a political agenda.
And, of course, I don’t put the Bible in the same category (for reasons I’ve given elsewhere).
As such, I don’t think ancient writers like this were being naïve. Rather, I think modern writers like Peter Enns are being naïve when they fail to factor in the political function of the genre in question.