Friday, April 25, 2014

Sources on the History of Welch's Grape Juice Replacing Wine at the Turn of the Twentieth Century

This past year I gave a Ph.D. presentation on "Evangelicals and the Lord’s Supper: Turning Wine into Grape Juice in Nineteenth-Century America"

Someone asked me to post some selected bibliography from my research:

Blocker, Jack S., and David M. Fahey. Alcohol and Temperance in Modern History: An International Encyclopedia 2 Vol. 2003.

Burns, Eric. The Spirits of America: A Social history of Alcohol. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2004.

Chazanof, William. Welch’s Grape Juice: From Corporation to Co-operative. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1977.

Hallett, Anthony, and and Diane Hallett. “Thomas B. Welch, Charles E Welch.” Entrepreneur Magazine Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurs. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 2008.

Mathison, Keith A. Given for You: Reclaiming Calvin’s Doctrine of the Lord’s Supper. Phillipsburg, NJ: P & R Publishing, 2002.

McCormick, Scott. The Lord’s Supper: A Biblical Interpretation. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1966.

Moore, Russell. Understanding Four Views On the Lord’s Supper. Grand Rapids, Mich: Zondervan, 2007.

Norwood, Frederick Abbott. The Story of American Methodism: A History of the United Methodists and Their Relations. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1974.

O’Brien, Betty A. “The Lord’s Supper: Fruit of the Vine or Cup of Devils?” Methodist History 31.4.,1993. [This article is particularly helpful]

____________. “The Lord’s Supper Traditional Cup of Unity or Innovative Cups of Individuality.” Methodist History 32.2., 1994.

Vineland Greater Chamber of Commerce Membership Directory & Community Guide. “History of Vineland.”

Willard, Frances Elizabeth. Woman and Temperance: Or, The Work and Workers of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. New York: Arno Press, 1972.

Williamson, G. I. Wine in the Bible & the Church. Phillipsburg, NJ: Pilgrim, 1976.

See also: 

"From Supper to 'Sacrament': Why the Early Church Moved from Supper to Bread and Wine" by John Mark Hicks [online]


  1. We don't use bread either, instead it's a stale pentagonal cracker.

  2. Is the presentation available online?